Digital solutions help rural Pakistan recover from floods
As the flash floods recede in Pakistan, the country welcomes the first smart IoT farm in Rawalpindi. Satellite navigation autopilot, robotic fertilizer applicator, agricultural UAV, climate and soil monitoring stations, solar-powered water pump…The deluge-ravaged land is recovering by virtue of digital solutions.
“This is just a beginning”, Mr. Liu Yang Sloan, Secretary General of the Preparatory Committee, Organization on Developing Countries Revitalization (ODER), a sponsor of the program, told China Economic Net (CEN), adding, “Agriculture, which has an important bearing on people’s livelihood, shall be our priority in helping Pakistan recover from the aftermath of the floods”.
“By employing digital means in rural revitalization, we can not only empower rural revitalization, but also help local communities coordinate international assistance and investment in post-disaster reconstruction”, Mr. Liu Yang Sloan explained.
The first step is macroeconomic and geospatial modeling. The population, total area, arable land area, GDP, and the industry mix in the affected areas shall be simulated. In addition, based on GIS technology, geospatial modeling shall be carried out for the residential, agricultural and industrial areas in the affected region.
With economic and geospacial data, a blockchain database model will be constructed that describes the economic activities of a region from five dimensions: crop, livestock, aquatic, mine, and non-agricultural industries.
This lays a foundation for the essential supporting system for digital rural revitalization projects: rural cooperatives.
“After decades of attempts, Pakistan has not been able to form a set of effective mechanisms for rural cooperatives. We found through investigation that the core reason is that local people lack confidence in obtaining ideal returns from their investment in land and human resources, and there is no real-life success story in Pakistan for them to refer to”, said Mr. Liu Yang Sloan.
But in fact, local people’s cooperative can be transformed into a commercial entity that is of investment value to domestic and foreign investors, so that capital from different channels can go into the disaster-stricken areas more efficiently.
According to Mr. Liu Yang Sloan, a very relevant example for Pakistan is Liupanshui, Guizhou, a once impoverished city in southwestern China. By capitalizing on the local arable land, woodland, natural scenery, and other ecological resources, villagers as stockholders of the industrial enterprises have contributed their strength to and shared the dividends of development. In this way, over 600,000 locals were lifted out of poverty.
“For Pakistan to make better use of the aid funds and investments, locals should also be mobilized to become part of the post-construction endeavors. In addition, we will work with local mobile operators and banks to empower rural industries and cooperatives based on digital payment systems that are already in operation. In each area, we will allocate a certain number of young people to help locals access the digital currency system. For villagers who do not have smart phones, we will help them out. In particular, we have designed the interface for developing countries to connect to the world’s mainstream central bank digital currency (CBDC). In Pakistan’s post-disaster reconstruction, crops like rice, poultry like chicken and sheep husbandry, and motorcycles are the likely scenarios for the application of CBDC”, he added.